Top 20 Largest Tribe In Nigeria

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Top 20 Largest Tribe In Nigeria


This article will focus on the top 20 largest tribe in Nigeria.

Yoruba Tribe

Yoruba tribe is the third largest language in Nigeria. Hausa is the second largest language in Nigeria and Ibo is the fourth largest language in Nigeria. Igbo is the fourth largest language in Nigeria. Fulani tribe is a nomadic pastoralist tribe which they are believed to be originated from Sudan and Chad; they are found mainly in Benue state of south-central Nigeria and Cross River State of south eastern Nigeria, as well as other parts of West African region including Niger Republic, Cameroon etc.

Hausa Tribe

The Hausa people are a large ethnic group of West Africa. They primarily reside in Nigeria, Niger, and northern Cameroon. The Hausa tribe is the second largest tribe in Nigeria, with a population of over 40 million people.

The Hausa language is spoken by many across these regions and has also spread to other parts of Africa through trade and migration over time.

Ibo Tribe

You may have heard of the Hausa or Yoruba tribes. They are two of the three major tribes in Nigeria, and they make up a significant portion of its population. The other is Ibo, which is found primarily in southeastern Nigeria, but also extends into Cameroon and Equatorial Guinea.

The Ibo tribe can be traced back to 18th century Benin City in what is now modern-day Nigeria. Its members were known for their skill as farmers and traders, so it’s no surprise that they’ve grown over time to become one of the largest tribes in Africa!

Igbo Tribe

The Igbo tribe is one of the largest tribes in Nigeria. They are also known as the Ibo, Ebo and Ibibio.

The Igbos are a group of people from southeast Nigeria who share a common language, culture and tradition with other groups in the region. The Igbo tribe has an estimated population of about 20 million people found mostly in Anambra, Delta, Ebonyi and Imo States as well as some areas of Enugu State. The name “Igbo” means “people or ethnic group” in their native language which is spoken by those who live within this community.

The origins of this community can be traced back to when they settled down on what is now known as Igboland sometime between 1000BCE – 1200CE where they lived peacefully until European colonialists arrived at their doorsteps during the 17th century BCE

Fulani Tribe

The Fulani tribe is the largest tribe in Africa and one of the largest tribes in Nigeria. They are also the world’s largest nomadic people, with more than 30 million people living within their borders. The language they speak is known as Fulfulde and can be heard from east to west across northern Nigeria.

Fulani culture is rich with history, but there are also some unique traditions that make them stand out from other Nigerian tribes:

  • Their distinctive dress includes bright colors and regal fabrics like silk or cotton
  • Men often wear turbans or hats decorated with colorful beads
  • Women often wear long skirts made from brightly colored fabrics

Kanuri Tribe

The Kanuri people are the largest tribe in Nigeria. They are mostly found in the north-eastern states of Borno and Yobe. The name “Kanuri” comes from the word “Kanem” which means watery land. The Kanuri people are very peaceful and humble; they live by their traditions, customs and culture to this day.

Ibibio Tribe

  • Ibibio Tribe

The Ibibio people are one of the largest ethnic groups in Nigeria. They are found in the south-eastern parts of the country, particularly Akwa Ibom State. Their language is referred to as Igbo or Ibo by other tribes, but they identify themselves differently from other Igbo speakers because they do not speak some forms of Igbo language used by other tribes. They also have their own distinct culture: traditions and practices which set them apart from other tribes in Nigeria.

Among others, the Ibibio people are known for their traditional music (also referred to as “Ibibio Music”) which has become very popular across Nigeria due to its unique rhythms and beats. Among these unique rhythms is Eket Dance; a local dance performed during festivals such as “Akwaaba Festival” every year by men wearing masks representing different animals including antelope horns attached to headdresses made out of palm leaves with feathers attached at both ends

Edo Tribe

Edo people are found in Edo state which is located in the south south region of Nigeria. They are also known as Bini people. The total population of Edo people is around 3 million.

Edo was founded by Naa Gbewaa as a small village called Eko and later became a state on December 30, 1991 following a referendum by the military government to create new states out of old ones for political reasons.

Tiv Tribe

The Tiv people are a major tribe in Benue State in the middle belt region of Nigeria. The Tiv speak the Tiv language, which is spoken by over 4 million people.

The Tiv have a rich culture, with rich colorful traditional attires and facial designs that make them stand out from other tribes in Nigeria.

Efik Tribe

The Efik people (also known as Effik) are an ethnic group located primarily in southeastern Nigeria, in the southern part of Cross River State. They speak the Efik language which is a Benue-Congo language of the Cross River family. The Efiks also live in Akwa Ibom State where they form one of the three major ethnic groups that make up Akwa Ibom State, alongside Ibibio and Oron.

The traditional ruler or king of Efiks Kingdom, Obong Umane Akpan II ascended throne on 14th February 2024 after his father Obong Umane Umon I passed on 18th December 2024 at age 87 years old due to ill health.

Nupe Tribe

The Nupe are the largest tribe in Nigeria. They are mostly farmers and traders. Their location is in Niger state. The Nupe people have a population of approximately 5 million people, making them the second largest tribe in Nigeria. This is followed by their popularity as third largest tribe in Nigeria, which makes them the most populous tribe in Nigeria as well.

The Nupe language belongs to the Benue-Congo family of languages, which is spoken throughout western Africa from Senegal to Central African Republic and southwards into Cameroon, Gabon, Congo Brazzaville and Equatorial Guinea (Ethnologue).

Urhobo Tribe

The Urhobo tribe is made up of twenty ethnic subgroups and is widely distributed in Delta State and parts of Edo and Bayelsa States. It is believed that their ancestors migrated from what is now called Nigeria to eastern Benin, where they formed a confederacy with five other tribes: the Isoko, Ijaw, Itsekiri (sometimes called Delta Igbo or “Deltans”), Ogoni and Southern Igbos. The name Urhobo may be derived from the word “uhuru”, meaning freedom or liberty; others believe it comes from “urhoama” meaning “original inhabitants.”

Ijaw Tribe

Ijaw Tribe

The Ijaw tribe is a major ethnic group in Nigeria. They are the fourth largest ethnic group in Nigeria, and they have a population of about 3 million people. Most of this population lives in Bayelsa, Delta and Rivers states.

Mambilla tribe of Taraba State.

Mambilla is a tribe of people in Taraba State, Nigeria. They are part of the Benue-Congo family and speak the Mambilla language as their mother tongue.[1] The Mambilla tribe is found in Sardauna Local Government Area of Taraba State. They are made up of about 250,000 people (2013 estimate)[2]. The Mambilla have an estimated 40 villages with very little intervillage communication due to geographic isolation and cultural factors[3].

The Mambilla live mostly in mud-thatched houses and farm for a living.[4]

Ibibio tribe of Akwa Ibom state.

The Ibibio people are the largest ethnic group in Akwa Ibom state, Nigeria. Their population is believed to be over 5 million people, making them one of the largest tribes in Nigeria.

The Ibibio tribe is known for their rich culture and traditions. They have a large number customs such as funerals and festivals that are celebrated by different clans within the community. The annual Ekpe Festival is one such event that attracts many tourists from all over the world because of its colorful pageantry and grandeur.

The dress style of an ibibio man differs from other ethnic groups in Nigeria because they do not wear trousers or trousers but rather wear ankara cloths called agbada which they tie around waist with belts while women wear wrappers made out of cotton fabric

Eggon tribe of Nasarawa state.

Eggon is an ethnic group in Nasarawa state, Nigeria. The Eggon people are one of the most populous in Nasarawa state, constituting more than 50% of the local population and found throughout Nigeria. The Eggons are primarily engaged in farming, particularly yam cultivation and fishing.

The Eggon speak a language that belongs to the Kwa language family (see Kikongo languages). They live along the Benue River near its confluence with the Niger River at Lokoja.

Itsekiri tribe of Delta state.

The Itsekiri are a subgroup of the Yoruba ethnic group that has its roots in Western Nigeria. They live on an island called Warri, which is situated between the Cross River and Warri rivers. The language spoken by Itsekiri people is called Itsekiri and it’s a tonal language. The Itsekiri also speak English and Yoruba as second languages, but they have their own dialects of both languages which you can hear when you speak to any member of this tribe.

The Itsekiri people are found in Delta state as well as other countries such as Benin, Togo and Ghana where they’re known by different names like Ijaw or Egbira depending on where they live. Other tribes who are part of this community include: Odua (Egba), Ishan (Ishanle) Owuarefia (Egba), Okpeyiere (Idoma), Ogunsuyi (Ijaye) etc..

The Most populous in Nigeria

Nigeria is a country in West Africa, which is the most populous country in Africa with over 200 million inhabitants. Nigeria is the seventh most populous country in the world and it’s home to over four hundred different ethnic groups.

The Hausa people make up about 32% of the population and inhabit Northern Nigeria. The Yoruba are another large ethnic group with 21% of the population. They live primarily in Southwest Nigeria and speak a dialect that mixes both English and Portuguese words into their language


In conclusion, the top largest tribe in Nigeria are as follow; Hausa/Fulani, Yoruba, Igbo, Ijaw, Kanuri, Ibibio/Annang/Efik/Oron/Eket, Nupe/Tsoede., Edo / Bini, Urhobo / Isoko.

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